Steering is one of the main systems of the car, which is a set of nodes and mechanisms designed to synchronize the position of the steering wheel and the angle of rotation of the steered wheels (in most car models these are front wheels). The main purpose of steering for any vehicle is to ensure turning and maintaining the direction of travel given by the driver.
Hydraulic booster (power steering). Its main advantage is compactness and simplicity of design. Hydraulic steering among modern vehicles is one of the most common. The disadvantage of this system is the need to control the level of the working fluid.
Electric amplifier (EUR). Such a power steering system is considered the most progressive. It provides ease of adjustment of control settings, high reliability, economical fuel consumption and the ability to drive without a driver.
Electro-hydraulic amplifier (EGUR). The principle of operation of this system is similar to a system with a hydraulic amplifier. The main difference is that the amplifier pump is driven by an electric motor, not an internal combustion engine.
The steering of a modern car can be supplemented by the following systems: Active Steering (AFS) – the system changes the gear ratio depending on the current speed. It allows you to adjust the angle of rotation of the wheels and provides safer and more stable movement on slippery surfaces.
Dynamic steering – works similarly to the active system, however, in the design in this case, instead of a planetary gearbox, an electric motor is used.
Adaptive steering for vehicles – the main feature is the lack of a rigid connection between the steering wheel of a car and its wheels.
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